Tujuan Dari General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (Gatt)

The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, or GATT, was established in 1947 with a key purpose of reducing trade barriers and promoting free trade among its member countries. The agreement was an important milestone in international trade, as it laid the foundation for the World Trade Organization, or WTO, which succeeded GATT in 1995.

GATT was created in response to the need for a framework to regulate international trade after the devastation of World War II. The agreement aimed to ensure that trade was conducted in a fair and predictable manner, with member countries committed to reducing trade barriers and promoting increased trade liberalization.

One of the main objectives of GATT was to reduce tariffs, or taxes imposed on imported goods, which can make products more expensive and limit trade. Through negotiations and agreements, GATT was able to significantly reduce tariffs among its member countries, resulting in increased trade and economic growth.

In addition to reducing tariffs, GATT also aimed to address other trade barriers, such as quotas and subsidies. By limiting the use of these barriers, member countries were able to reduce market distortions and create a more level playing field for trade.

Another important objective of GATT was to promote economic development and growth in developing countries. The agreement recognized that these countries often faced significant challenges in participating in international trade, such as limited resources and infrastructure. GATT provided special provisions to help these countries access markets and increase their participation in international trade.

Overall, the primary goal of GATT was to promote international trade and economic growth through the reduction of trade barriers and increased trade liberalization. While the agreement has since been replaced by the World Trade Organization, its legacy still lives on today as an important milestone in the history of international trade.